Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released today by updating childhood immunization schedule, vaccine recommendations for older children and teens are a couple of ways.
As a state with a history of sexual abuse of children a few years ago, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is recommended for walks and formal than other HPV vaccine HPV vaccine recommended 9. All older teens an offer of a meningitis vaccine before the option recommended only for high-risk children.
9 nine strains of HPV HPV HPV vaccine Currently, cervical and other cancers, including cancer of the mouth and throat, an infection that can lead to the protection of girls and boys aged 12 to 11 is recommended . Although it sometimes HPV can be transmitted without sexual contact, is the most common sexually transmitted infection.
"More than 80 percent of the population at least once in their lives will be affected," Cody Meissner, was involved in discussions about the new schedule, the Tufts University School of Medicine professor of pediatrics, said: .
New vaccination schedule if they have a history of sexual abuse, 9- and 10-year-olds that get the HPV vaccine is recommended. Studies in 20 boys and one in four girls before the age of 18 will experience sexual abuse is estimated.
"It's a tragic and unfortunate reality is everywhere," Mark Schleiss, pediatric infectious diseases at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, said the director. Age-appropriate sex abuse screening questions already include well-child visits, he said.
"Maybe the language they ask their patients about sexual abuse need to remind primary care physicians will help," Schleiss said. "This is someone the child knows and trusts the perpetrators usually are also the ones, so it is a very delicate matter, but we just do not do these things for small children that refuse to get past."
Child victims of sexual exploitation for several reasons, the risk of sexually transmitted infections is high, Meissner said. During the first attack or may be affected during continuous use, and they began their sexual partners.
A third of child victims of sexual abuse Health and Human Services Children's Bureau of the US Department, are under 9 years old. But the vaccine is licensed for 9 early age, Anna Giuliano, at the Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, director of the Center for Infection Research in Cancer, and HPV vaccine clinical trials, the researcher who led the description.
"The license will allow them to be as young as they are," Giuliano said. "Otherwise they're going to label, and the label ACIP will not allow to go away." CDC ACIP recommendations, which makes the vaccine immunization practices advisory committee.
Parents may wonder how long the vaccine remains effective, Guiliano said, but clinical trials after more than 10 years of data show that long-term staying power.
"We look at how intact antibodies, we have 30 years or more after the vaccine for the vaccination will protect the idea," Guiliano said. "We would weaken the protection is no reason to believe that."
HPV vaccine study the immune response of people aged 16 to 24 children aged 9 to 15 is better shown, Wendy Sue Swanson, Seattle Children's Hospital, a pediatrician and executive director of digital health.
"Every vaccine schedule as soon as possible so it can protect long as it can be used to design has been around," he said. "Waiting for you any less side effects from the vaccine have not, then wait until they are older makes no sense."
The HPV vaccine uptake has lagged - about 60 percent of girls and boys get a dose of at least 42 percent in 2014 - in part because of hesitancy doctors.
"We vaccine HPV 11- and 12-year-old boys and girls with a strong cancer prevention vaccine is recommended to help to provide for the needs," Guiliano said. "All pediatricians and family practice doctors were making a strong recommendation, that I see a strong increase in vaccine uptake rates would think."
Finally, can prevent cancer despite being a vaccine, Meissner HPV vaccination rates fall below those of many African countries, he said.
"We have found that the vaccine is safe, and that our acquisitions have been so low that it is such a shame," he said.
Other changes meningitis, brain and spinal cord that causes an infection of the covering of the serotype B meningococcal disease, a vaccine against adds. The catch or effectively fight the disease with an increased risk of children above the age of 10 years is recommended. The immune system recognizes and helps kill bacteria in the body's complement system, a missing or damaged spleen, sickle cell anemia, or other problems, including individuals, Schleiss said.
It's optional, but is not recommended because the CDC ACIP schedule Unlike other vaccines, an option for youth aged 16 to 18 as a rare serotype of meningitis B vaccine are recommended.
"ACIP and CDC are caused by the meningitis B that is effective in preventing infection in the short term, it is safe to give, it should be funded, are saying, but we Basketball gynecologist are leaving the decision up to the parents to discuss, "Swanson said. "We have a life-threatening side effects from the vaccine do not see, but getting meningitis serotype B Your child's risk is very low."
Although very little - almost 160 cases in 2012 was the US - is a very deadly disease, Swanson said: 10 meningitis will die, even with treatment, receiving 15 per cent of children.
"If the disease is devastating because it is the parent of a teenager who'd recommend it to anyone," Schleiss said.
But Meissner, a member of the Working Group CDC meningococcal vaccine, the risk-benefit balance of vaccines recommended for adolescents is not an excuse.
"I think the burden of disease in the country is the way it should be spending money that does not seem so low," Meissner said. "An anaphylactic reactions to vaccines are in fact likely to be higher than the odds of benefits."
In the past year, according to a CDC study, all the usual meningitis B vaccine is recommended for adolescents 29 to 15 cases and five deaths each year will prevent. All college freshmen vaccines, colleges in the light of the recent outbreak, approximately nine cases a year will prevent one death.
"An entire population immunization expensive and will probably be overkill, but it is a safe vaccine and it is very effective, so parents and pediatricians who want to want," Swanson said.